Chip seals are applied to our older pavements. These streets have lost the surface fines, but have not cracked or rutted to the extent of requiring overlay or reconstruction. This process involves cleaning the surface, providing necessary crack filling, and applying emulsified asphalt followed by rock chips. Chip seals provide additional protection from the elements, seal minor cracks, and increase skid resistance. Pavements need to be in good structural condition to be candidates for chip seal application.